Clonal expansion of different mtDNA variants without selective advantage in solid tumors

Gekeler J, Zsurka G, Kunz WS, Preuss SF, Klussmann JP, Guntinas-Lichius O, Wiesner RJ

Mutat. Res. 2009 Mar;662(1-2):28-32

PMID: 19114048

Abstract

In search of tumor-specific mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations in head and neck squamous cell cancer, we found heteroplasmy in the blood of two individuals, i.e., these individuals carried two alleles of mtDNA. In both cases, the tumor was found to be homoplasmic, i.e., it contained only one of the two mtDNA alleles present in blood. More interestingly, in one case the tumor had acquired the wild-type allele, while in the other case it contained the mutant allele only. Sequencing of the whole 16.5 kb mtDNA showed that the observed heteroplasmic positions in the D-loop region, nucleotides 152 and 16187, respectively, were the only differences between tumor and blood mtDNA genotypes in these individuals. Our findings thus strongly support the hypothesis that accumulation of mtDNA mutations in solid tumors occurs by clonal and random expansion of pre-existing alleles and is not necessary for the metabolic changes generally associated with tumor formation, the Warburg effect.

  • News

  • Upcoming Events

    There are no upcoming events at this time.

  • November 2020
    M T W T F S S
     1
    2345678
    9101112131415
    16171819202122
    23242526272829
    30  

© 2017 SFB 829

Durch die weitere Nutzung der Seite stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. Weitere Informationen

Die Cookie-Einstellungen auf dieser Website sind auf "Cookies zulassen" eingestellt, um das beste Surferlebnis zu ermöglichen. Wenn du diese Website ohne Änderung der Cookie-Einstellungen verwendest oder auf "Akzeptieren" klickst, erklärst du sich damit einverstanden.

Schließen