An adhesion independent, aPKC dependent function for cadherins in morphogenetic movements (2009)

A1 NIESSEN Seifert, K., Ibrahim H., Winklbauer R. and Niessen C.M. J. Cell Sci.122: 2514-23.

Abstract

Cadherin shedding affects migration and occurs in development and cancer progression. By examining the in vivo biological function of the extracellular cadherin domain (CEC1-5) independently of the shedding process itself, we identified a novel function for cadherins in convergent extension (CE) movements in Xenopus. CEC1-5 interfered with CE movements during gastrulation. Unexpectedly, CEC1-5 did not alter cell aggregation or adhesion to cadherin substrates. Instead, gastrulation defects were rescued by a membrane-anchored cadherin cytoplasmic domain, the polarity protein atypical PKC (aPKC) or constitutive active Rac, indicating that CEC1-5 modulates a cadherin-dependent signalling pathway. We found that the cadherin interacts with aPKC and, more importantly, that the extracellular domain alters this association as well as the phosphorylation status of aPKC. This suggests that CE movements require a dynamic regulation of cadherin-aPKC interaction. Our results show that cadherins play a dual role in CE movements: a previously identified adhesive activity and an adhesion-independent function that requires aPKC and Rac, thereby directly connecting cadherins with polarity. Our results also suggest that increased cadherin shedding, often observed in cancer progression, can regulate migration and invasion by modulating polarity protein activity.

PubMed

  • News

  • Upcoming Events

    There are no upcoming events at this time.

  • November 2020
    M T W T F S S
     1
    2345678
    9101112131415
    16171819202122
    23242526272829
    30  

© 2017 SFB 829

Durch die weitere Nutzung der Seite stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. Weitere Informationen

Die Cookie-Einstellungen auf dieser Website sind auf "Cookies zulassen" eingestellt, um das beste Surferlebnis zu ermöglichen. Wenn du diese Website ohne Änderung der Cookie-Einstellungen verwendest oder auf "Akzeptieren" klickst, erklärst du sich damit einverstanden.

Schließen