Epidermal Insulin/IGF-1 signaling control interfollicular morphogenesis and proliferative potential via Rac activation (2008)

A5 BRÜNING/NIESSEN Stachelscheid. H.*, Ibrahim, H.*, Koch, L., Schmitz, A., Tscharntke, M., Wunderlich F.T., Scott, J. Michels, C., Haase I., Wickenhauser, C., Brüning, J and Niessen C.M. EMBO J. 27:2091-101.

Abstract

The lifelong self-renewal of the epidermis is driven by a progenitor cell population with high proliferative potential. To date, the upstream signals that determine this potential have remained largely elusive. Here, we find that insulin and insulin-like growth factor receptors (IR and IGF-1R) determine epidermal proliferative potential and cooperatively regulate interfollicular epidermal morphogenesis in a cell autonomous manner. Epidermal deletion of either IR or IGF-1R or both in mice progressively decreased epidermal thickness without affecting differentiation or apoptosis. Proliferation was temporarily reduced at E17.5 in the absence of IGF-1R but not IR. In contrast, clonogenic capacity was impaired in both IR- and IGF-1R-deficient primary keratinocytes, concomitant with an in vivo loss of keratin 15. Together with a reduction in label-retaining cells in the interfollicular epidermis, this suggests that IR/IGF-1R regulate progenitor cells. The expression of dominant active Rac rescued clonogenic potential of IR/IGF-1R-negative keratinocytes and reversed epidermal thinning in vivo. Our results identify the small GTPase Rac as a key target of epidermal IR/IGF-1R signalling crucial for proliferative potential and interfollicular morphogenesis.

PubMed

 

 

  • News

  • Upcoming Events

    There are no upcoming events at this time.

  • November 2020
    M T W T F S S
     1
    2345678
    9101112131415
    16171819202122
    23242526272829
    30  

© 2017 SFB 829

Durch die weitere Nutzung der Seite stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. Weitere Informationen

Die Cookie-Einstellungen auf dieser Website sind auf "Cookies zulassen" eingestellt, um das beste Surferlebnis zu ermöglichen. Wenn du diese Website ohne Änderung der Cookie-Einstellungen verwendest oder auf "Akzeptieren" klickst, erklärst du sich damit einverstanden.

Schließen