Latent transforming growth factor beta-binding proteins and fibulins compete for fibrillin-1 and exhibit exquisite specificities in binding sites

B12 SENGLEOno, R.N., Sengle, G., Charbonneau, N.L., Carlberg, V., Bächinger, H.P., Sasaki, T., Lee-Arteaga, S., Zilberberg, L., Rifkin, D.B., Ramirez, F., Chu, M.L., and Sakai, L.Y., J Biol Chem. 2009 Jun 19;284(25):16872-81. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M809348200. Epub 2009 Apr 6.

Abstract

Latent transforming growth factor (TGF) beta-binding proteins (LTBPs) interact with fibrillin-1. This interaction is important for proper sequestration and extracellular control of TGFbeta. Surface plasmon resonance interaction studies show that residues within the first hybrid domain (Hyb1) of fibrillin-1 contribute to interactions with LTBP-1 and LTBP-4. Modulation of binding affinities by fibrillin-1 polypeptides in which residues in the third epidermal growth factor-like domain (EGF3) are mutated demonstrates that the binding sites for LTBP-1 and LTBP-4 are different and suggests that EGF3 may also contribute residues to the binding site for LTBP-4. In addition, fibulin-2, fibulin-4, and fibulin-5 bind to residues contained within EGF3/Hyb1, but mutated polypeptides again indicate differences in their binding sites in fibrillin-1. Results demonstrate that these protein-protein interactions exhibit “exquisite specificities,” a phrase commonly used to describe monoclonal antibody interactions. Despite these differences, interactions between LTBP-1 and fibrillin-1 compete for interactions between fibrillin-1 and these fibulins. All of these proteins have been immunolocalized to microfibrils. However, in fibrillin-1 (Fbn1) null fibroblast cultures, LTBP-1 and LTBP-4 are not incorporated into microfibrils. In contrast, in fibulin-2 (Fbln2) null or fibulin-4 (Fbln4) null cultures, fibrillin-1, LTBP-1, and LTBP-4 are incorporated into microfibrils. These data show for the first time that fibrillin-1, but not fibulin-2 or fibulin-4, is required for appropriate matrix assembly of LTBPs. These studies also suggest that the fibulins may affect matrix sequestration of LTBPs, because in vitro interactions between these proteins are competitive.

 

Pubmed

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