Role of autophagy in the host response to microbial infection and potential for therapy

B13 FABRIFabri, M., Realegeno, S.E., Jo, E.K., and Modlin, R.L., Curr Opin Immunol. 2011 Feb;23(1):65-70. doi: 10.1016/j.coi.2010.10.010. Epub 2010 Nov 9

Abstract

 

There is compelling evidence demonstrating a key role for autophagy in host defense against microbial infections. Induction and regulation of autophagy involves complex pathways including signaling molecules that have widespread roles in cell biological functions. For example, inhibiting mTOR by rapamycin, the most widely used chemical approach to induce autophagy, can also result in immunosupression. Nevertheless, advances in our understanding of autophagy provide a new opportunity to modulate host cellular responses as a potential therapeutic strategy to combat microbial infections in humans.

 

Pubmed

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