Enhanced contact allergen and UVB induced keratinocyte apoptosis in the absence of CD95/Fas/Apo-1 (2010)

publications Hedrych- Ozimina A, Hao Z, Pofahl R, Ussath D, Knaup R, Behrendt K, Krieg T, Haase I. Cell Death and Differentiation (2010) Aug 6.

Abstract

FAS/CD95/Apo-1 is a ubiquitously expressed cell-surface receptor involved in the initiation of programmed cell death. Its function in epidermal keratinocytes has been incompletely defined. Available evidence from in vitro studies points to important roles of Fas in the pathogenesis of contact dermatitis and in keratinocyte apoptosis induced by ultraviolet light. To define functions of Fas in the epidermis in vivo, we have generated mice with epidermis-specific deletion of the fas gene and tested its requirement for 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene-induced contact dermatitis and for ultraviolet light B (UVB)-induced keratinocyte apoptosis. We report here our unexpected finding that keratinocyte apoptosis induced by both a contact allergen and UVB irradiation was significantly enhanced in Fas-negative epidermis. Expression of Fas by epidermal keratinocytes was neither necessary for the normal development of contact hypersensitivity of the skin, nor required for keratinocyte apoptosis following UVB irradiation. Our study results thus show that in the epidermis in vivo Fas exerts antiapoptotic effects that outweigh its proapoptotic role in contact hypersensitivity responses of the skin and in the tissue response of the epidermis to UVB irradiation.

PubMed

  • News

  • Upcoming Events

    There are no upcoming events at this time.

  • November 2020
    M T W T F S S
     1
    2345678
    9101112131415
    16171819202122
    23242526272829
    30  

© 2017 SFB 829

Durch die weitere Nutzung der Seite stimmst du der Verwendung von Cookies zu. Weitere Informationen

Die Cookie-Einstellungen auf dieser Website sind auf "Cookies zulassen" eingestellt, um das beste Surferlebnis zu ermöglichen. Wenn du diese Website ohne Änderung der Cookie-Einstellungen verwendest oder auf "Akzeptieren" klickst, erklärst du sich damit einverstanden.

Schließen